Vincent van Gogh
Image courtesy of
The National Gallery of Art, U.S.A
Post-Impressionism is a period created by Impressionism, exploiting the lack of true object and form of the Impressionist movement. It consists of more experimental techniques, including pointillism and divisionism. The former used dabs of color on a white surface while the latter used dabs of color placed closely together to form larger areas of color.
Effect on Faces and Figures:
Although artists concentrated less on people than earlier movements, it did reshape the appearances of people in paintings. There is a distinct difference in Post-Impressionist portraits and figures. Whereas Impressionists had a number of classical elements, including the soft, blended skin tones, shading, and a look that was generally a blurred out version of the original. Many Post-Impressionists, including Van Gogh and Seurat, put colors into skin that really didn't seem to belong, and it was layered on without blending. Artists like Gaugin, distorted his figures, and created a rather awkward look. And the paintings started to decrease in depth.
Post-Impressionism foreshadows the art of the 20th Century, where originality was key, and total abstraction was born. It went to prove that the Impressionists had created a change that was permanent, and that art will continuously flourish in the artist's own way.