Neoclassicism started in Rome in the 18th century in response to the Baroque and Rococo movements. Neoclassicism, as the name suggests, is a return to Classicism. Ancient Greek and Renaissance art had its impact on the artists of this time. On the political side of things, the return to classical styles is reminiscent of the democratic foundation of the ancient culture. Napoleon Bonaparte's love for classical art also led to the growth of the movement. The movement was short-lived.
Effect on Faces and Figures:
The artwork returned to its serious, more logical tone. It lies upon the same ideals that art went by centuries ago, and though the style is not new, the movement produced stunning portraits and figures that history cannot ignore.
Jean-Auguste Ingres, Jaques-Louis David