Early 20th Century
The use of color in unrealistic ways shocked the public when fauvism was introduced at the Paris Salon d'Automne of 1905. Bright colors and unpredictability were the hallmarks of Fauvism. The subjects were flat and distorted and was shocking to the public. Critics referred to the artists as 'les fauves,' or the wild beasts, and it marked the birth of a new kind of art.
Color was used to express feelings, which was nothing new. Whistler and van Gogh was known to use color the express feelings before Fauvism was introduced. But the colors used now was more shocking, the subjects, more vague.
Effect on Faces and Figures:
Fauvism caused an interesting change in portraits and figure paintings. Matisse, in particular, created portraits that did not emphasize, to any extent, the appearance of a person. He painted with color, and that is what Fauvism is all about. Whereas traditional color theories supported the appearance of a person in such paintings as van Gogh's Self Portrait, portraits were now made of color, and vibrant ones.