Q: What is diabetes?
Ans: There are actually 2 types of diabetes, namely insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent.
Insulin-dependent, also know as Type 1 diabetes occurs mainly in children and adolescents. This form of diabetes results from the shortage of insulin. In type 1 diabetes, the patient has to receive a total of 2 injections of supplementary insulin per day as insulin cannot be taken orally since it will be digested by enzymes.
The non-insulin-dependent diabetes, also know as type 2 diabetes, occurs mainly in adults above the age of 40 and those who are obese have a higher chance of getting type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occur because the body is unable to make use of the insulin produced properly, resulting in the inability of energy being released from sugar. For some type 2 diabetes patients, sufficient exercise and balanced diet is relatively enough to keep the condition under control. However some other patients require drug therapy or some form of drugs in emergency cases such has hypoglycemia, which is when the glucose level in the body drops below normal range and one feels dizziness and weakness. Hypoglycemia is often triggered off by low or totally no intake of sugars especially when one skips a meal.
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