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In this small glossary there are some terms from the medical area and others, which are used in the psychopharmacology. We make no claim that it contains the full meaning of the words, but it makes the viewer acquainted with the main characteristics of the certain term or word.
Abstinent syndrome - a combination of disease symptoms, which take place during abstinence; it can be observed after the usage of substances, which develop dependency
Addiction - a state of being dependent on a certain substance, which is harmful or dangerous for the physical or mental health of the person, for his social well-being and economical functioning of the subject
Agonist - a substance that imitates the effect of the natural nerve-mediator, for example, GABA
Agoraphobia - fear from open places and the presence of many people around
Alkaloid - a base, which contains nitrogen; many of the active substances in plants and alkaloids, for example, morphine, cocaine, mescaline, etc.
Amnesia - partial or total loss of memory about past events
Analeptics - substances, which stimulate breathing and the heart activity; stimulants such as strychnine are often used in medicine with such a purpose
Analgesia - partial or total loss of the sense for pain, without any damages over the mind; the analgesics are substances, which cause analgesia; for example morphine and some of them, in high doses, cause also anesthesia
Anesthesia - a state of total loss of sensibility, which may also be connected with fits; anesthetics are substances that cause anesthesia - for example laughing gas, ether, ketamine and some others
Antagonist - a substance, which blocks and makes it difficult for the effects of other natural, narcotic or medicine substances to take place
Antidiuretics - substances, which depress the secretion of urine; such effect has for example amphetamines
Antidepressants - medical substances, used to fight back depression; the first antidepressants had a stimulating effect over normal people, but these that are used today, serve only those who really suffer from depression
Anti-mania means - those products that contain salts of lithium belong to those means. It is observed that in the places, where water is rich in lithium salts, the amount of psychic disorders is low
Apathy - the state of being torpid, absence of any desires and indifference towards the surroundings
Aphrodisiacs - these are all the substances that excite and increase the sexual activity; the large amount of substances, which are thought to act in this way, is often a result of the human tendency to perceive some unreal things as true; although there are some exceptions the substances that aid the overcoming of sexual inhibitors or make sex more different by modifying the sense perceptions.
Ataxia - disorders of the locomotive coordination (everyone who has been drunk knows this feeling)
Autism - pathological "self-absorption"
Bad trip - unpleasant and even horrible experience as a result from the consumation of a hallucinogen, which is usually connected with a bad
Cancerogenic effect - the effect of certain substances, which usage increases the probability of developing cancer diseases
Comma - a state of deep unconsciousness
Crossed tolerance - the build-up of tolerance towards a group of substances, as a result of long-term consummation of a substance with a similar mechanism of effects
Delirium - the state of fear, confusion and restlessness, caused by horrible hallucination. Delirium is quite typical for the peak point of the alcoholic abstinent syndrome; it may also be caused substances called deliriants
Dependency - this is a psychic and sometimes physical state, a result from the reaction between a certain living organism and a particular substance. It can be categorized by reactions, which always include striving for long-term reception of this substance in order the person to feel its psychic effects or to avoid the discomfort of its absence
Depersonalization - inability of a particular person to find his true identify
Depression - emotional state of despair and stagnation
Depressants - substances that suppress the nervous system; typical representatives are alcohol and other soporific substances
De-realization - the state, in which the person is absolutely sure that the world around him is not reality
Disorientation - inability "to distinguish" time, space and the identity of the person
Excretion - extraction of a certain substance and of its metabolic products from the organism; usually they are secreted out as part of the urine
Euphoria - a pleasant state of high spirits; in he English literature there are two types of euphoria. The first one is a slight euphoria caused by alcohol, cannabis and some hallucinogens. The second type is a strong euphoria. The users usually experience it after smoking or after they have taken in opiates, cocaine or amphetamines intravenally. The street name of this euphoria is "kick" or "rush"
Effective dose (ED-50) - the dose of a certain substance, which cause a particular effect in 50% of the people or the lab animals, who have tried it
Flash-back - a very short duration of symptoms of an already experienced hallucinogenic event, whci appears a great deal after the intoxication has already been overcome. The reason for this phenomenon is still unknown but one thing is for certain - it is totally harmless, unless of course the person doesn't panic. The flash-back lasts for not more than a few minutes.
Holinolitics - substances, which are used in medicine for relieving the pains of those who suffer from the Parkinson disease; those of them, which penetrate into the central nervous system usually have psychomimetic influence
Identical images - visual images that come out in a person's mind, almost as frequent as hallucinations
Illusion - modified or wrong interpretation of the outer world, which the individual accepts as reality; it may affect one or more senses
Inhibitor - a substance, which blocks a certain physiological reaction; it serves almost as an antagonist
Kick - sharp, sudden and strong feeling of euphoria; all of the substances and methods of absorption, which cause "kick"
Lethal dose (LD-50) - the dose, in which 50% of the experimental animals (people) die
Mania - popular name of insanity; in psychiatry, as a science, it means a state of lifted spirits and anxiety
Mediators - substances, which aid the neurons make contact with each other; all narcotic substances act in a way that interferes in this process
Metabolism - disintegration of a particular substance in the organism
Narcotic - a term with very unclear meaning. It may mean:
Neuroleptics - these substances, also called "powerful tranquilizers", are antagonists of dopamine, which found in the brain, and strongly suppress the occurrence of events connected with schizophrenia; there substances are used mainly in medicine
Opiates - opioid analgesics - natural or synthetic substances, which very much resemble morphine, comparing of course only their effect.
Opioids - substances, which have many of the characteristics of opiates, mainly their analgesic effect; the distinction between opioids and opiates is not always possible; typical representative of opioids is methadone
Overdose - a dose, which is considerably higher than the effective one, and very near to the toxic one
Paradoxical reaction - untypical reaction for the absorption of a certain substance, which may occur in very few people; for example taking a nap after swallowing amphetamine or aggressiveness after taking a pill of diazepam.
Paranoia - a disease-like state, characterized mainly with abnormal suspiciousness and crazy ideas
Psychedelics - substances, which "enrich the spiritual viewpoint" of the user; this is how the hippie-generation called classical hallucinogens such as LSD, mescaline and psilocibine
Psychic dependency - dependence, during which when there is a lack of the needed substance, there are no damages over the body, but it causes psychic discomfort, which is a very stressing one
Psychoactive substance - a substance, which affects the perceptions, the mood, the way of thinking and the behavior of a person; it may be also called psychotropic substance
Psychosis - a serious metal disorder, characterized by disturbance of the ability to cope with the environment and other people as well; its symptoms are: in inability to think properly, to interpret reality correctly, to communicate with others, to control oneself; it may be caused by a disease, aging or poisoning
Physical dependency - dependence, during which the lack of the needed substance leads to the occurrence of symptoms, which testifies for the development of a certain disorder in the organism; it is also most often accompanied by psychic dependence
Rigidity - inability to move any part of your body, despite the numerous attempts to do so; when rigidity is not so developed if any movements are possible at all, they are much more harder to perform than when being healthy
Sedative means - substances, which cause relaxation and calmness, and when taken in large doses, they may result in deep sleep or even comma; depressants such as alcohol barbiturates, diazepam and metaqualon are typical examples of sedative means
Sinestezia - a feeling or a hallucination, which is derived from another sensations; for example sounds may be seen; sinestezias are typical for the classical hallucingens
Side-effects - psychological or physiological effects of a certain substance, which accompany the desired effect, but most often they are unpleasant and may be dangerous
Stimulants - substances which cause psychomotor, intellectual and/or stimulation of the senses; typical representatives are cocaine, amphetamine, strychnine and nicotine
Stupor - a strong lethargy, a state of partial or total unconsciousness
Syndrome - a number of symptoms, which have a common ground
Toxicity - the ability of particular substance to cause pathological changes in the living organism; you could say that it is a degree of poisoning, which is measured in LD-50
Tremor - shivering of the whole body; it can be observed mainly in the hands; tremor may be a symptom of a certain disease - for example the Parkinson syndrome; or it may be cause by the absorption of particular psychoactive substance such as nicotine
- seller - candyman, connection, dealer, pusher, watermelon man
2.Use and addiction
3.Addiction to narcotics - habit, jones, monkey, burning down habit, oil-burner habit, white line fever honeymoon, on the needle, pinned
4.Withdrawal from drugs - belly habit, bogue, cold turkey, kicking, sweats, go cold turkey, clean, straight
7.Drug cocktails - 'frisco speedball (heroin, cocaine & LSD), speedball (heroin & cocaine)
8.To inject drugs - bang up, crank, du a tihng, fix, geeze, jack up, hit the mainline, pop, shoot up, take off, use, tie off (isolate the vein), skinpop (inject under the skin), fire up, shoot gravy, jack off, pump the mixture of blood and heroin into the arm
9.To sniff or inhale drugs - blow, get one's nose cold, horn, sniff, snort, toot