Temperate grasslands are found mainly outside of the tropics, in temperate regions. In moist areas, short, thick, green plots of grass cover treeless, and seemingly endless, hills and plains.
Before farming and livestock took over, grasslands covered certain areas of every continent, excluding Antarctica.
Eurasia's steppe grassland is the largest grassland in the world. Steppe means grassy plain in Russian. The steppe once covered 2, 500 miles (4,023 kilometers) of land from western Russia to central Asia. Another grassland, called the puszta, which resides just west of the steppe dominates most of Hungary. A moist grassland known as the prairie fills in central lowlands between the Rocky and Appalachian Mountains. South America's largest grassland, called pampa, which means plain, covers most east-central areas of Argentina.
Human-made temperate grasslands are still used in Germany, France, England, and in mainly Mediterranean areas for livestock.
Other, smaller grasslands can be found in New Zealand, the European Alps, coarse Patana in Sri Lanka's highlands, coarse cushions in the South American puna, pamir with the highest plateaus in the world in central Asia, grassy plains called downs in New Zealand's South Island and southeast Australia, south African grasslands called veld, and tufted grass on east African volcanoes.