of Alexander (Ancient Greece) was probably the first to discover
that air had weight.
The first Frost Fair was held on the frozen
river Thames in London with tents, sideshows and foodtstalls.
Johann Kepler (Germany) was the first person
to describe the six- sided shape of snowflaskes.
Evangelista Torricelli (Italy) invented the
first barometer for measuring the air pressure.
Grand Duke Ferdinand of Tuscany invented the
first sealed thermometer for measuring temperature.
Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit (Germany) devised
the Fahrenheit scale ('F) for measuring temperature.
Reverend Horsley (Britain) invented the first
modern rain gauge. The earliest mention of a rain gauge is in Indian
writings from 400 BC.
Benjamin Franklin (USA) invented the lightning
conductor for use on high buildings.
Horace- Benedick de Saussure (Switzerland) made
the first hair hygrometer for measuring humidity.
Luke Howard (Britain) named the three families
of clouds- cirrus, cumulus and stratus.
Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort (Britain) devised
the Beaufort Scale for measuring wind speed at sea.
Lucien Vidie (France) made the first aneroid
('non- liquid') barometer for measuring air pressure.
John Robinson (Britain) invented the cup anemometer
for measuring wind speed and direction.
The first published weather maps were sold to
the public at the Great Exhibition in London.
The first national storm warning system was
started in France after storms destroyed ships during Crimean War.
Clement Wragge (Australia) was the first person
to give hurricanes names. They are still named today.
Pierre Molchanov (USSR) launvhed a radiosonde for measuring weather
in the upper atmosphere.
John von Neumann (USA) built an electronic computer
known as Maniac. It was the first to be used for weather
The first weather satellite,
Tiros 1, was launched by the USA.
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