Spring 1798 Bonaparte's Plans:
On the 20th of May, the British lookout squadron had arrived at Toulon, but the British had to realize that Bonaparte's Armada had already left. A terrible tempest broke off the mast of Nelson's flagship "Vanguard" and separated the ships of the line from their frigates which sailed back to Gibraltar. Nelson repaired "Vanguard" and blockaded Toulon with the remaining ships to prevent the leaving of other French ships. Reinforcements of 10 ships of the line and the 50 gun ship "Leander" under the command of his friend Captain Thomas Troubridge from the Culloden arrived at Nelson's lookout squadron.
On its way to Egypt the French fleet conquered the isle of Malta and took the gigantic treasures of the order of Malta. After the possession the fleet sailed on and arrived finally at Alexandria on the 1st of June. General Bonaparte immediately ordered the landing of his 35000 troops. Soon he won against the Turks in the battle of the pyramids. The French fleet had one big problem -- Admiral Nelson was still searching for them!
for the French:
On 1st of August, the British fleet arrived at the bay in the early evening. Nelson ordered his ships to attack to enemy according to the tactics which had been discussed several times on the way to Alexandria every time when the weather was good enough to arrange a meeting of all captains of the fleet. They came on board the Vanguard and Nelson introduced his tactic to them. This group of captains was called the Band of Brothers. He had some advantages, because the French could only use one broadside and the French crews weren't complete, because some sailors had left their ships to get water for the fleet.
Nelson's ships attacked now the French line. Some of the British ships sailed between the French and the land, and so the French line was attacked from all sides. One ship after the other was shot to a wreck and had to surrender. The "Orient" was hit at its most sensitive place - the powder room. After a few seconds the fire, caused by the English broadside, inflamed the powder and the ship exploded. This shocked all fighting men so much that the weapons rested for some minutes. After this break the battle was continued till the next morning.
battle, Nelson was very satisfied and proud of the action of his beloved
fleet, because with this victory he won against his arch-enemy General
Bonaparte, who, to Nelson, was only a Corsic rascal. In England, many
people were afraid of this rascal who had just conquered Italy. Of course,
Nelson and his fleet got many awards for their honourable achievement.
Nelson became Earl of the Nile and Burnham Thorpe, furthermore he received
gifts from the Russian Tsar and a chelengk from the Sultan of Turkey for
his admiral hat. He sent six ships of the line as prizes home to England.