|The murdered masses Groups of victims Remarks||
The murdered masses
Although they're not handled in an extended manner, mass murders should also be mentioned. In fact, they can also be political murders, but this is - luckily - only sometimes the case.
Groups of victims
In - fortunately - only some cases, whole groups of human beings were the aim of political murders. In general, the term "holocaust", an expression from the English bible language, is used to describe the genocide. The biggest and best-known example for the killing of human beings all belonging to the same ethic group surely is the annihilation of the Jews by the Third Empire. Most serious sources say that some six million people of Jewish believe died in the Annihilation Camps of the Nazis, systematically murdered. Besides, further a few hundred thousands people died in the forced labor camps of reworking, hunger and medical experiments. The origin of Jews' genocide was clearly defined in the political views of the German "Führer" (leader), Adolf Hitler. He called the Jews an "inferior race" and stretched the attribute of Jew-being to more than religious believes. The mass annihilation was mainly legally based in the so-called "Nuremberg Laws", the Reich Civilian Law and the "Law for the Protection of the German blood and the German honor". The genocide was finally fixed with the "final solution of the Jewish question "at the Wannsee Conference in January 1942 - at that time, several thousand people had already died. The chairman of the Nazi Security Service (SD), the later murdered Reinhard Heydrich, was entrusted with this task. But not only the Jews living in Germany and in the territories occupied by the Germans, other ethic groups like the Sinti and Romany, Jehovah's Witnesses, political opponents like Social Democrats and Communists, Homosexuals and captives were arrested and hugely murdered. But even in our times, authoritarian nations establish Concentration Camps where political opponents or the people of invaded nations are killed. Examples for this statement were the military dictatorships in Chile and Greece as well as Yugoslavia during the civil war in the early 1990s.