The Continental System backfired. Great Britain was able to produce
goods cheaper and better than any country. The ban on British goods
only resulted in economic instability in Europe.
Napoleon blamed Russia
and raised an army of 600,000 men to attack.
Napoleon marched into Moscow and watched it burn. After awhile,
Napoleon decided to retreat from Russia.
The retreat was devastating. The bitter winter and Cossacks reduced
Napoleon's army of 600,000 men to only 30,000. Napoleon deserted
his army to come back and raise another one. Seeing their opportunity,
Austria, Britain, Russia, Prussia, and Sweden formed an alliance
the Allies took Paris, Napoleon abdicated at Fontainebleau on April
The allies restored the Bourbon dynasty to the French throne. They
gave Napoleon the island of Elba to rule. He was even allowed to
keep his imperial title and was given a yearly income of 2 million
Napoleon never saw his son or wife again. However, once on Elba,
Napoleon planned his return to France.