Throughout the course of the history of animation, many people had used their talents and creativity to produce different and unique way of presenting animtion. To the present day, there are uncountably many animation shows presented to the public.
Since we cannot give a more detailed account of every single different style of animation, here, we give you the more important styles of presenting animation that we find in the world today.
Normally, mangas(Japanese Comics) are created first, and only when it is deemed as a potential anime that it is made into one. But there are cases where proposals or plans are drafted and then the making of anime starts. One of the most popular anime created this way is Neon Genesis Evangelion. Done by a famous artist group, Gainax, it is famous for its extensive planning done to come out with a detailed, even illustrated, proposal. Its proposal on the stunning science fiction anime consists not only of the story line and its aim, it also comprises of the personality and details of each main character in the series. Months before the release of the anime, even before it was finished, words got out that about it and the public waited in anticipation for the release of one of the greatest anime of the 1990s.
The way the anime characters were drawn had changed since Dr Tesuka had initiated its boom. In the 1960s and 1970s, the characters in anime had a distinct roundish look that gives them a sense of childishness. As anime developed into the new century, it had changed into the more modern looking characters with pointed face and lanky bodies, as it now aims to create beauty rather than cuteness from pictures. As the world of anime grew, the standard of anime drawings also increased, as the public demand and expectations run high.
Unlike other cartoons or movies in US, it is not unusual to produce an OVA(Original Video Animation) or OAV direct to the release of video. OVAs are shorter movies which stories and characters pertain to the original series of anime.
Another distinct characteristic, which separates Japanese Animation with its counterparts(cartoons) in the United States is that it implements studio directing in the development of anime. This shows the effort the producers put into making a good anime series, which gives us a whole new approach to animation, and we now start to find out how much the development of animation deserves the public's respect and attention.
Slight History of Anime
The current anime industry could be said have born when Dr Tesuka started out to imitate the workings of Disney after the World War II. In the 1963, he astonished the world with his work, "Tetsuan Atoma", or known as "Astro Boy", an anime that deals with a robot with human heart. Since then he had made much contribution to the world of anime and was dubbed several titles such as "God of Manga" and the "Father of Anime". Dr. Tesuka made a lot of success with his work and fellow Japanese followed his footsteps. Some of them copied Dr. Tesuka's style, but most of them slowly developed their own style, and slowly, through the decades, anime evolved into what it is now.
After that, the world of anime continued to grow and we now have Fan-subs around the world who help translate anime with religious devotion, which enable the rest of us to enjoy the greatness of anime as well. These days, to the delight of the fans around the world, the different anime series even have various original soundtracks and animation guides to promote them.
Walter Elias Disney (1901-1966)
When one thought about animation, it is undeniable that we would also think of Walt Disney, some claimed him to be the father of cartoons. It could hardly be said to be an underserved title, as Walt Disney's 43 years in the film industry, had changed the way people looked at animation, and it could be said that he is responsible in making cartoons as popular as it is now.
In the course of his life, Walt Disney Productions had won a total of 48 Academy Awards as well as 7 Grammys. Mainly, Walt Disney was responsible for the productions and ideas behind these popular cartoons, rarely is he the painter. He had, however, pushed and encouraged talents in the field of animation. He had forever changed the way people would look at animations, and made it a fact that animation is not a field to be looked down upon.
Walt Disney Company
Walt Disney Company started as the Disney Bros. Studios in 1923, when Walt
Disney and his elder brother, Roy Disney, set it up to be the first step to
create a milestone in the history of animation. Later it was known as the
Walt Disney Productions, then Michael Eisner renamed it as the Walt Disney
Company in 1986.
Walt Disney Company first made its success with the creation of Mickey Mouse in Steamboat Willie in Nov 1928. Then it created waves with its first full-length animation, Snow White and the Seven Dwarves (1937).
After the second World War, the productions of animations from Walt Disney Company deteriorated in the 1940s and 1950s. It was much later that Michael Eisner became the Chairman and Chief Executive of Walt Disney Productions that its style of animations changed into adult featured films. It produced the animation Beauty and the Beast in 1991, and became the first animated film to become a nominee for Academy Awards as Best Picture, with its incorporation of three dimensional (3D) computer graphics with hand drawn and painted pictures.
The style of Disney
Through the years, Walt Disney Company had maintained its policies and unique
way of presenting its animation. Walter Disney had wanted to create a magical
world for the children, and he succeeded tremendously on that account, not
only in his cartoons, but also in his plans for the Disney Theme Park. Disney's
films had always been targeted towards children and are mostly fairy tale
story. Most of the films by Walt Disney Company have moral values in it.
Then the style of animations from Walt Disney Company changed and begun to be more adult featured. It's storyline, though still mostly have moral values, are now more complicated.
Unlike most other forms of US animation, animations from Disney had a different
way of maintaining humor in its pictures, as well as its way of attracting
audience. Unlike films such as Tom and Jerry or Looney Tunes, Disney had a
way of presenting its stories in more na´ve and childlike way that does
not have the maniacal and outrageously funny way of keeping people entertained.
A large portions of the most hilarious animations that had entertained us for nearly a century are the cartoons from Warner Bros. It depicted the funniest cartoons and all too surely represented the American style in its cartoons.
The Warner brothers, Harry, Albert, Sam and Jack, lived a diverted lifestyle. Their parents were constantly on the move. When the Warner brothers came together to start a business in animation, they had first opened the Nickelodeon. Then by 1980, they had started to supply movies to theaters. They then managed to set up a studio in 1923 named the Warner Bros.
The Warner Bros had started a new era in animations. Among their various activities, the introduced voices into movies, where Disney had only integrated music. They synchronized sound to picture and created so much more suspense in the movie. This had signaled the end to the silent era of movies.
By 1930, the Warner Bros introduced to the public the animated series of Looney Tunes. And featured the Merry Melodies in the next year. Bugs Bunny was then born in 1940, and became one of the first cartoon stars in history. By the 1950s, Warner Bros had made a powerful presence in the entertainment industry, and had maintained to give relief and laughter to its audience. Though the Warner Bros Company suffered during the second World War, it finally began to regain its glory in the 1990s when it produces television shows.
Warner Bros set up its own Television Network in 1995, and then we see the
undeniable presence of the WB and Kids WB. It had created unforgettable television
cartoon series such as Taz-mania, Anamaniacs, Batman: The Animated Series,
Superman, Freakazoid and so on and so forth.