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This is a large timeline of
that covers the entire history of the 'net. From the beginnings of long distance
conversations, to today's latest wonders…it's all here. We'll start you off on
your journey at the beginning, at the beginning of all electronic
This was the absolute first electronic communication device. People would send
messages using Morse code, a series of short and long tones. It is written as
dots and dashes. The system was binary; the tone would either be on or off,
which is not far from how our computers today communicate. Here is the basic
· The telegraph was an important invention that revolutionized communications
in the 1800's.
In 1858, the Transatlantic Cable was set up. This wads done by putting miles and
miles of wire on a boat and hauling one end to America and the other to Europe.
This allowed telegrams to pass over continents-an enormous breakthrough.
Although this was a theoretical breakthrough, it was really a complete failure.
They only managed to keep it working for a week or so.
By this time they finally figured out how to get the wire to stay up more than a
week and planted the first totally permanent working wires. This event was not
as well known because it had already been tried. But this was the first
The telephone was invented in this year by Alexander Graham Bell. This allowed
voice to be carried over wires. It was a vast improvement and allowed a much
greater amount of communications. Soon, phone lines sprang up all over. This
actually caused problems and soon made the beautiful scenery full of phone
lines. Some cities even took action. Ever wonder why there aren't hundreds of
telephones in New York City? The city decided to put them all underground.
They're all still there.
For some reason, the history seems to have taken a break (an 80 year one) and
didn't start to progress much more until the 50's. This may have been because of
the industrial revolution; America was mostly focusing on industry, and the two
major wars (WWI and WWII) that took place in between these.
But in '57, the Russians sent up Sputnik. This first airborne Satellite caused
Dwight Eisenhower to feel the need for a satellite for America. He forms ARPA,
the Advanced Research Project Agency, which builds the USA a satellite in under
18 months. This agency featured the most brilliant people in America, and was
Leonard Kleinrock from the Massachusetts Institute of technology writes the
first paper on the technology of packet switching theory. You can find this
paper at http://www.lk.cs.ucla.edu/LK/Bib/REPORT/PhD/
Packet switching networks are in the beginnings of formation. Today, the
internet relies on this technology. It is extremely efficient and useful. For
more information on these networks, visit its founder's site: http://www.lk.cs.ucla.edu/
At this time the Rand Corporation also starts to research computer networks for
ARPA agrees to sponsor a system in which two computers will be connected with
1200 baud modems for the first time. This will become another major
Lawrence G. Roberts from MIT write another paper, this one on networked
computers. This is the first ARPANET plan.
The ARANET holds discussions in Michigan. This was the first meeting to join
ARPA, RAND, and the NPL. The NPL (National Physical Laboratory) des anexperiment
with packet switching using 768 kbps lines.
During 1968, the different organizations successfully attempted to gain funding
and respect, as what they were about to do the next year would be
It seems as if a lot happened this year. First successful flight to the moon.
Birth of the Internet…. the "Information Highway". What a year.
Stanford Research Institute, UCLA, UC Santa Barbara, and the University of Utah
all became networked when ARPANET decided to create its first hosts. This system
managed to type the letter "L-O" in an unsuccessful attempt to type
the world login. During the letter G, it crashed. See, computers were crashing
from the start.
They eventually figured it out….
The seventies! Part II of III.