One way to resist and to maintain the traditions originating from Africa was the religion. The black brought in the basements of the slaver their ancestral cults.
A lot of times the master tolerated the black rituals as a form of maintaining the control on the plantel (the slaves that he possessed), but it usually condemned the religion as cult and classifiedas a pagan manifestation.
The Catholic Church tried to Christianize the blacks, looking for extirpating a tradition milenar. Even so, the black resisted to the domain of the white culture maintaining their faith, and adapting their rituals and transforming their religion in a contemporary reality.
Although discriminated ,their treated rituals in a pejorative way by a great part of the Brazilian people, the religions of African origin reach all the social and ethnic layers slowly in Brazil.
Orixá messenger between the men and the gods, guardian of the door of the street and the crossroads. Only through him it is possible to invoke the orixás. Element: fire
Personality: daring and aggressive
Symbol: ogó (a stick adorned with cabaças and whelks)
Day of the week: Monday
Necklace: red and black
Clothes: red and black
Sacrifice: male goat and black rooster
Offerings: farofa with dendê( oil ), bean, inhame( a kind of root, Water ,honey and liquorOgum
God of the war, of the fire and of the technology. In Brazil it is known as warring god. He/she knows how to work with metal and, without its protection, the work cannot be profitable.
Personality: impatient and obstinate
Day of the week: Tuesday
Clothes: blue, dark, red or yellow green
Sacrifice: rooster and reddened male goat
Offerings: feijoada, xinxim, inhameOxum
Goddess of the fresh water (rivers, sources and lakes). she is also goddess of the gold, of the fecundity, of the game of whelks and of the love.
Personality: maternal and calm
Symbol: abebê (fan with mirror)
Day of the week: Saturday
Necklace: yellow gold
Clothes: yellow gold
Sacrifice: goat, chicken, pigeon
Offerings: white corn, chicken xinxim, eggs,
fish of fresh water.Iansã
Goddess of the winds and of the storms.
It is owner of the soul of the deads.
Personality: impulsive and unexpected
Symbol: sword and horse tail (representing the royalty)
Day of the week: Wednesday
Necklace: red or brown darkness
Sacrifice: goat and chicken
Offerings: white corn, rice, bean and acarajéXangô
God of the fire and of the thunder. He/she says the tradition that was king of Oyó, city of Nigeria. It is virile, violent and upright. It punishes the liars and it protects lawyers and juízes.
Personality: daring and prepotente
Symbol: double axe (oxé)
Day of the week: Wednesday
Necklace: white and red
Clothes: white and red, with brass crown
Sacrifice: rooster, duck, sheep and turtle
Offerings: amalá (quiabo with dry shrimp and dendê)