In spite of the wickedness and acrities that was
submitted, the black found time to play and to preserve its culture. They transmitted its
values through the dance and commemorations, they mixed their characteristics
private to the characteristics of the white oppressor, and gave a
contribution in the imaginary popular of the Brazilian.
Maracatu - Afro-Brazilian origin,
is inspired by the black kings' coronations. Simulating a real retinue, the
blocks come out in the streets in the days of carnival divided in lines, that represent
Afoxé - Court that walks by
the streets of Salvador, Fortaleza and Rio de Janeiro. The most famous parades happen
during the carnival in Bahia. The participants, in most black, sing in African
dialects, accompanied of atabaques, agogôs and cabaças. Having religious origin
linked to the candomblé, it is known as street candomblé
Congadas - Parades of blacks
commemorating a king's from Congo coronation in São Benedito's day (December 26).
Saint dances and songs of African and Iberian origin. The most well-known congadas is the
one of Cave (PR), the ones of some municipal districts of Santa Catarina, Espírito Santo
and the one of the old areas of gold in Minas Gerais. In Paraíba, descending of slaves
they make congadas in honor to the saint of the blacks, Our Lady of Rosário, in the first
week of October.
Band of Congo - typical musical
Group of the seaside area of the Southeast of Brazil, the Bands of Congo play and
sing with remarcable presence in saints' parties. They are also exhibited
separately. They don't use appropriate vestiments and " they are men's groups that
use sound instruments, done by themselves (drums, drummers, cuíca, rattles, ' coats ',
ferrinhos or ' triangles ' and pandeiros. To the sound of those instruments, the several
types of voices, belong to man or woman ,they sing old and traditional tunes, in
that there are references to things and facts of the slavery, to the sea, to the love and
the death. Those tunes are generally sad and it presents sounds of laments and wailings.