In a cave in Spain
have been found pictures of men gathering honey from a wild hive, which
date from 15-20 thousand years BC. Nowadays, even after people have invented
artificial honey, honeybees havent lost their place in our everyday life.
Actually these creatures
have a very interesting way of life. They are social animals and the hive
is like a perfectly arranged home where everybody knows what to do and
does it. There are three kinds of honeybees in a swarm:
1. The Queen that is larger
than the rest and does nothing but eating and laying eggs
2. Workers that do all the
work for the hive
3. Drones whose only task
is to appear in the hive at the end of the summer, to fertilize the young
females and to be killed and thrown out of the hive after that.
Only worker-honeybees can
sting. The sting of the honeybee has only a defensive use. What is more,
it is not possible for the insect to tear it out of the skin. It remains
there with a part of the guts, so the honeybee dies.
Everybody knows that one
honeybee sting cannot cause troubles (under normal circumstances) but we
shouldnt forget that the honeybee is always a part of the hive. There
are still some wild hives to be found in cracks of fissured cliffs. A completely
healthy human being can survive about 500 stings and there may be thousands
of honeybees in a hive. Also, it is of great importance where the sting
gets. It may cause just a local sharp pain, swelling and reddening but
the poisoning may be really severe if a sting gets into a blood vessel
of the face or the neck. In that case usually occur vomiting and abdominal
pain, a rush all over the body and increased heart frequency.
The poison is called apitoxin
and is actually a colorless, limpid, bitter liquid with a pleasant smell.
Its effects were known in the past as a successful method of healing rheumatism.
Destroy all Hymenopteras nests
around your living place
Keep your feet covered outdoors
Avoid bright colored clothing
and perfumery products
Prefer to wear tight that floppy
When you encounter the insect,
stand still or retreat slowly. If it lands on skin, quickly brush it off.
Use the personal first aid kit
in individuals with a history of allergy
1. Removing the sting
2. Tightening up the limb
above the affected place
3. Treatment of the wound
with tap water or antiseptic solution and applying a cold compress
4. Antihistamine (antiallergenic)
medicines in severe cases
5. Intravenous corticosteroids
and subcutaneous adrenaline in cases with anaphylactic shock