There are 4 genera
in this family with about 35 species. Stingrays very much resemble a disk.
With only a few exceptions, they dont have dorsal and pelvic fins. They
have flexible tapering tails that are very often armed with one or more
saw-edged, envenomed spines.
Stingrays live in warm temperate
and tropical zones and in some places they are in a great abundance. They
feed on small fish, mollusks, worms and other bottom-dwelling animals,
sometimes damaging valuable shellfish beds. Stingrays like warmer waters,
so when it gets cold, they seek deeper places to go.
are not aggressive by nature. They lay on the sea bottom quite peacefully
and only sting people who step on them (and fishermen removing them from
their nets). The sting causes profuse bleeding and excruciating pain that
can last for months, accompanied by large swellings. Large stingrays have
enough force to break a wooden boat by lashing their tails. If a person
is unlucky enough to be stabbed in the chest or abdomen, there may be another
An injury could be prevented
if one shuffles their feet in the water they are going to enter. This will
startle the stingrays and they will flee, for they have the chance to do
so. Experienced swimmers always do this.