SANTA MARIA THE SHIP
Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) a Spanish navigator from an Italian
origin borne in Genoa. In 1486 Christopher Columbus presented
a project of finding a western passage to Asia to Elisabeth I
the queen of Castile. In 1492 Ferdinand V, king of Castile,
& Elisabeth I granted to Christopher Columbus their
approval to finance his transatlantic expedition. The
float was composed of three ships, the Santa Maria, Pinta
& Niņa. On the 12th of October, the same year, the
expedition reached an island from the Bahamas' shore, then
Christopher Columbus baptized it San Salvador.
THE MAP OF CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS
After the discover of the new world settlers began to be
interested in. Christopher Columbus helped establishing the
first colonies, and that was the opening door to the European colonization
The first permanent European settlement in what would become
the United Station of America was near St. Augustine made by a
Spaniard called Pedro Mendez around the year 1565.
Soon after, the European most powerful maritime nations
guessed the urge of taking advantage into the new world.
Therefore, the England, France, Netherlands and Portugal
forced their efforts to get solid claims into America.
The French had real interest in the new world first they sent
the Florentine sailor Giovanni de Verrazano he reached
North Carolina in 1524. not long after they tried with Jacques
Cartier with the hope of finding a sea passage to Asia,
this latter set his sail
into the St. Lawrence river. This fact
laid the foundation for the French claims in North America
which were to last until 1763.
After the failure of their first colony they tried to
establish a colony in the northern coast of Florida two
decades after Quebec but it was destroyed by the Spanish
England also tried to consolidate its situation in the new
world. With the help of Walter Raleigh in 1585 the British
empire established its first colony in North America on
Roanoke island off the coast of North Carolina, It was later
abandoned. It would be until the year 1607 that a successful
colony at Jamestown was set up. Then North America
entered a new era.