Internet, while useful in researching many topics, is unfortunately
limited in scope in regards to presidential history. While many
more sites exist than the ones listed below, these are the most
informative and useful sites that TIA's staff has found.
20th Century Presidents
Experience: The Presidents (PBS)
(Internet Public Library)
of the United States (White House)
Roosevelt: Icon of An American Century
and portraiture exhibit sponsored by the National Portrait Gallery
Wilson on the Web
site, if somewhat amateurish in design. A useful introduction
D. Roosevelt Library and Digital Archives
detailed and comprehensive site dealing with FDR, his presidency,
and the Depression
and Second World War.
S. Truman Library and Museum
complete online presidential library.
and Nagasaki: The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb
written by a high school student, this essay is unusually
well-researched and informative.
An excellent exposition and critique of the scholarly debate.
and frustrating to use, this site
is also sadly uninformative. However, it does have the
standard allotment of primary document sources one expects of
F. Kennedy Library
thoroughly useful presidential library site. While not specifically
tailored to foreign policy issues, the site's resources (including
transcripts and recordings of all 1960 debates) are outstanding.
Days in October: The Cuban Missile Crisis
fellow ThinkQuest site (from 1997). Useful as a resource for
the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Johnson Library and Museum
a useful, comprehensive presidential
to an act
of Congress, Nixon's papers have been divided between two
organizations: one -- the government's -- incomplete and
frustratingly "under construction"; the other -- the
family's -- eyecatching, user-friendly, and (predictably) somewhat biased.
Carter Presidential Library
Reagan Presidential Library
to use and
Reagan and the Soviet Union
but otherwise interesting.
but typically well-spoken.
Review is influential in rightist circles.
and respected, Brooking's
only drawback is the difficulty of navigating their site.
and typically isolationist, Cato is the determined counterpoint to
the Washingtonian consenus of benign interventionism.
File (State Department)
State Department website that contains U.S. Information Agency
releases (including transcripts of press conferences and briefings).
though the Internet is a valuable resource, most research
information is still offline and available only in print format.
These books are no more than an introduction to the incredibly huge
amount of scholarship produced about American foreign policy in this century.
Warrior and the Priest,
John Milton Cooper
fascinating study of the rivalry, both political
and philosophical, between TR and Wilson.
Roosevelt: An Autobiography,
modern standards, somewhat difficult to read, but still the best way
Soldier and President,
this is a good introductory volume, it suffers from a few flaws,
including an elementary style and -- to some extent -- a lack of
sophistication in an understanding of Eisenhower's policies.
Thousand Days, Arthur Schlesinger
out-of-print, this is an unabashedly sympathetic portrait of
Kennedy. But Schlesinger's strength as a writer makes the book worthwhile.
study on the subject TIA's staff has seen yet. An
indispensable guide to foreign affairs. (This book was the basic text
used in the research for this website.)
The Memoirs of Richard Nixon, Richard Nixon
a slanted perspective, but
a valuable "behind the scenes" look at the art of policymaking.
Tangled Web: The Making of Foreign Policy in the Nixon Presidency,
look at Nixon's policies.
the Faith, Jimmy Carter
yet compelling. Carter's first-hand account of the presidency
is sincere and helps readers move beyond their preconceptions of
Carter to a more balanced view.
the critics' complaints about this book (due to Morris' use of
fictional characters), in all this book portrays Reagan fairly.
While there is little in-depth study of individual policies, White's
first-hand descriptions of the policy-making process of the Reagan
White House is invaluable to understanding the U.S. government in the 1980s.