In accordance with their mythology, Huitzilopochtli, the tribal god of the Aztecs, promised to show to its people a place where they should settle and to build its great capital Tenochtitlán. He told them that they had to look for an eagle posed in a cactus, with a snake in the pick. The first codex page Mendoza (a book that counts the history of the Aztecs), it locates the foundation of Tenochtitlán in 1325 or 1345. The City of Mexico is built in the same place.
The chinampas got ready defining with stakes narrow and rectangular fringes in marshy lakes. Among them, narrow channels were built so that the canoes circulated. A
chinampa got ready with layers of aquatic vegetation coming from the lake and mud of the bottom. They were heaped alternatingly until having prepared the land. In the borders sallows were planted to assure the
In the fertile chinampas crops of vegetables and flowers were cultivated, as well as medicinal plants and grasses.
This european map of Tenochtitlán, physical and spiritual heart of the Aztec empire, shows the city built in a lake that is crossed by four artificial roads. The conquerors described that their streets were long, wide and right. The Great Temple of the Aztecs was located in the center, and it was dedicated to the god of the rain and the god of the war that it was the god of the Aztecs. Outside of the ceremonial center they had palaces, warriors' schools, sanctuaries and a patio to practice the ball game.
When an Aztec boy was born it was highly celebrated. The celebrations were prolonged during several days, in those that the astrologers checked
wich day could be favorable to give the name to the recently born one.
The bath was part of the daily life of the Aztecs, so much to stay clean as to become purified. Practically all the Aztec houses had embedded to a side a bathroom of vapor. The house of bathrooms was a small building heated by a home. When water hurtled to the hot walls of the interior the room were filled with vapor.
For an Aztec woman the house meant almost everything. She passed most part of the day in it taking care of the children, cooking or knitting.
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