Versión en Español
The most noted old civilizations are always the Egyptian, the Roman one and the Greek, but it is hardly ever heard speak of the Aztec mummies in the same way that of the Egyptians, neither of the Inca Catacombs as it is spoken of the Horse of Troya. As much these as many other comparisons are those that the doubt of which were those wonderful cultures, take place and if you continue reading a little bit more, you will realize the true past of America.
In the XVI century, the Spanish conquerors of America found big civilizations. One in Mesoamerica, the territory controlled by the Aztecs and the Mayan in the time of the conquest; and another in SouthAmerica, the territory of the region Andean central, low Inca domain. The residents of these regions formed a mosaic of tribes and nations among whose achievements were works art teachers, spectacular cities and a singular focus of the life. The strong base of the economic organization, politics and social, typical of each one of these empires, it was based in previous American cultures.
When the Europeans arrived to these lands starting from 1492, they found numerous aboriginal communities that had different levels of cultural development. Very few were nomadic and they lived off the fishing and of the gathering. Other more numerous communities were seminomadics and they had begun the practice of the agriculture, the craft, etc... and they completed their feeding with the hunt and the gathering.
We can summarize that for the moment in that the Europeans arrived in America, in our continent
there had already been developed big indigenous civilizations, among those that the
Aztecs, the Mayan and the
Inca stand out.
When they meet for first time, Cortes greeting to Moctezuma with a reverence and Moctezuma gave him splendid gifts of gold, beautiful stones as the jade and objects of feathers. Cortes was riding a horse and Moctezuma was
in a bunk. The Spanish soldiers took steel armors, while the Aztecs took simple mantels in cotton.
The conquerors began the search of wealth. If they found resistance in the native ones, the conquerors killed them.
This map shows us the regions that embraced the most important indigenous civilizations in Latin America.
We can observe that the Inca culture was the one that conquered more territories, and those with less area were the Mayan. But it is necessary to take into account that the size of the territory doesn't have to do with the cultural development of each one of the civilizations. However, it was said that while more earth more power, and in that they were not so missed.
On the climatic characteristics of the region depends on the development of the architectural styles, the gear type, depended the foods, the animals, the forms of sowing, etc.
The Aztec empire with its city located in Tenochtitlán, extended among the costs of the Pacific and of the Atlantic of Mesoamerica, while the Mayan Kingdom occupied the oriental part of Mesoamerica. The Inca empire extended to 4.000 Km. along the western coast of SouthAmerica.
Past of America.
Conquerors and Indians