out If You Have One of These Common Conditions Above
forms when the macula, found in the in the back of the eye on the
retina, suffers any damage,
such as internal vessel rupture, and begins to deteriorate.
The macula is the area where light is focused and is the center of
your vision so any damage that occurs here will directly affect your
central vision. Serious damage can cause a complete loss of the central
vision, while the peripheral vision still remains.
your mouse over the photo to see through the eyes of AMD
is thought to be age related. Senior citizens are those most
likely to acquire macular degeneration. There are two types of macular
degeneration you can get: dry and wet.
form (non-neovascular) accounts for 90% of this disease. It usually
forms in one eye and forces the other eye to take over more of the
central vision. This form is usually a slower process that causes
yellow tissue, called drusen, to appear in the retina.
form (neovascular) is caused when new small blood vessels form,
rupture, and bleed under the retina due to it their fragility. This
can lead to a drastic loss of central vision.
of vision becomes distorted, blurry, or wavy
decrease of sight in central vision
cases, poor nutrition has been linked to development of this disease,
especially deficiencies in zinc, which is found in the retina. Lasers
can be used in wet cases to stop any further growth by breaking up
scars and relieving hemorrhages, but there is no cure for the disease.
Treatment may include eating lots of green leaf vegetables, exercising
regularly, not smoking, wearing sunglasses to protect yourself from
ultraviolet light that can damage the retina, and using the Amsler
grid (below) to track the progression of the disease so that you
may tell your doctor. Patients who have AMD see wavy, lighter, and
blurry lines in the Amsler grid when staring at the center dot with
each eye separately, 1½ ft. away.