|In August of 1922, Lord
Northcliffe passed away. Originally Alfred Charles William Harmsworth,
he was born on July 15, 1865, and is given credit for creating
the Daily Mail, Britain's first well-known newspaper. Aside from
the Daily Mail, Northcliffe also owned The Times and other newspapers.
He was made Baron Northcliffe in1905, and was chairman of the
British war mission during the first world war. He died from streptococcus
and his burial took place on August 17, 1922.
|The Duke and
Duchess of York (1923)
|In 1923, the Duke of
York (1895 - 1952) and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1900 - ) were
joined in marriage. The couple would have two children, one of
which, Elizabeth, would later become Queen. The Duke of York became
King George VI of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and emperor
of India when King George V's oldest son, Edward VIII, gave up
the throne in 1936. George VI died on February 6, 1952. His wife,
the queen consort, celebrated her 100th birthday in 2000.
Following Czar Nicholas II's removal
from the throne in Russia, a man named Aleksandr Fyodorovich
Kerensky (1881 - 1970) seized power. However, a revolutionary
leader named Vladimir Ilyich/Ilich Lenin (1870 - 1924) would
soon overthrow him, however. Born in 1870, the communist and
Bolshevik would go on to form the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics (USSR) in 1922. His opponents were the Mensheviks,
or the minority. Bolshevik, on the other hand, meant majority.
Lenin passed away on January 21,
1924, and a total of 900,000 people viewed the leader's lifeless
body in Moscow. He had previously suffered from a stroke on
three occasions. His death would create a struggle for power
between Joseph Stalin, who eventually won, and Lenin's original
choice, Leon Trotsky (1879 - 1940). In 1940, a follower of Stalin
Joseph Stalin (1879 - 1953), who
was originally Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, became dictator
after Lenin's death. While the Bolshevik had been alive, Stalin
had served in several positions such as the Communist party's
secretary (1922). In March of 1953, he died of a stroke.
II is Born (1926)
Queen Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
Windsor (1926 - ) was born on April 21, 1926, to King George
VI and the Duchess of York (later Queen Consort). Queen Elizabeth
II's official time of birth, in London, was 2:40 a.m.
Queen Elizabeth II married Prince
Philip on November 20, 1947. They had four children: three sons
and one daughter. In the months following her father's death,
Queen Elizabeth II was crowned on June 2, 1953.
Today Queen Elizabeth II is the
Head of State of Canada and ruler of the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland.
The Italian actor Rodolfo Guglielmi
(1895 - 1926) was born in 1895. Better known as Rudolph Valentino,
he immigrated to the U.S. in 1913. His big break came in 1921
when he starred in a silent film, The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse.
He became an even bigger star with his role in The Sheik, also
in 1921. Other film credits include Camille, Blood and Sand,
The Young Rajah, Monsieur Beaucaire, A Sainted Devil, The Eagle,
and The Son of the Sheik, all made during the 1920's.
Valentino died at the age of 31
in his sleep on August 23, 1926. He had recently suffered from
peritonitis and had undergone an operation at a Manhattan hospital.
Immediately following notice of his death, rumors began to circulate
about the possibility of poisoning. Dr. William B. Rawles (Polyclinic
Hospital) dismissed allegations. Valentino's coffin, which cost
$10,000, was made of silver and bronze. Fans hoping to get one
last glimpse of the star rioted and several were trampled.
Declared Dead (1926)
Erik Weisz (1874 - 1926), or Ehrich
Weiss, was born on March 21, 1874, in Budapest, Hungary. He
and his family later relocated in Appleton, Wisconsin and then
New York. At a young age, Weisz shined shoes, sold newspapers,
worked in a sweatshop, and delivered messages. He showed athletic
ability in swimming and running, skills that would later help
him. Originally calling himself Erik the Great, he later took
his stage name from Jean Eug?ne Robert-Houdin, a magician from
France. Robert-Houdin's autobiography The Memoirs of Robert-Houdin,
A. Medium's Revelations of a Spirit Medium, and a traveling
magician named Dr. Lynn helped to kindle Weisz's interest in
While working at Coney Island,
Harry Houdini met Wilhelmina Beatrice "Bess" Rahner and married
her in July 1894. Rahner assisted her husband by working as
a singer, dancer, and performer. She eventually replaced Harry's
brother Theodore (Hardeen), who had taken the place of Jack
Hayman in the Houdini Brothers. As Houdini progressed in his
career, he set a record for being the only magician to star
in five films and received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Contrary to popular belief, Houdini
did not die in an escape but from peritonitis, a type of internal
gangrene in which the lining of the abdominal cavity becomes
inflamed. Days before his death, on October 22, 1926, the magician
performed at the Princess Theater in Montreal. A McGill University
student later asked Houdini if he could, as boasted, endure
blows to the stomach. The magician was not prepared when the
young man punched him. A source has listed amateur boxer Joselyn
Whitehead as the man who delivered the blow. After conducting
a number of additional shows in Montreal, the magician performed
again at Garrick Theater in Michigan. Houdini later collapsed
and was taken to Grace Hospital. Never knowing that he might
have been suffering from appendicitis prior to the blow, he
passed away on October 31, 1926 (Halloween).
is Killed (1927)
|Isadora Duncan (1877
- 1927), originally Dora Angela Duncan, was accidentally suffocated
to death in Nice, France. An American dancer (professionally since
1899), her trademark was dancing barefoot and displaying long
garments. She was widely influenced by the ancient Greek way of
life. Duncan was riding in a Bugatti car when her scarf became
entangled in a wheel.
|Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev
(1872 - 1929), who was born on March 31, 1872, passed away in
1929. He was the founding father of the Ballets Russes and helped
to get ballet noticed. The Russian Diaghilev also created Mir
Iskusstva , an art journal.