Powers of the Orishas: Santeria and the Worship of Saints. Migene Gonzalez-Wippler. Original Publications, New York: 1992.
O Espaço Geográfico: Geografia Geral e do Brasil. Igor Moreira. Editora Ática, São Paulo: 1998.
The World Almanac. Chicago: Field Enterprise Educational Corporation, 1961.
Sao Paulo's growth statistics from: United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Population Division, World Urbanization Prospects: The 1994 Revision.
Wright, John W. (Editor). Brazil - Ethnic Groups. The New York Times Almanac. New York: Penguin Books, 1998, page 528.
Lonely Planet: Brazil - 28th July, 2000
The Brazilian Embassy in Washington - August, 2000
Hudson, Rex A. Library of Congress / Federal Research Division / Country Studies / Area HandbookSeries / Brazil. April 1997. - March 2000
MIDI of National Anthem and Translation from Cristiane Manlove on behalf of the Consulate General of Brazil in Houston. Email message. - May, 2000
Image of Sao Paulo metropolis from Rabi Mohtar on Behalf of the Student at Purdue University. Email message. - August, 2000
Image of Brazilian Congress from Augusto C. B. Areal, personal website. Email message. - August, 2000
Images of Images of: Igreja do Senhor do Bomfin, Praia de Jardim de Ala, Memorial das Nacoes, and Museu Ipiranga from Flavio A. P. Leme on behalf of the Consulate General of Brazil in New York. Email message. - August, 2000