In 1998 the wooden exports were
from 22 million dollars approximately.
From the 26'079.700 hectares that it constitute the surface of the Ecuador, the 11 million 473 thousand hectares are natural forests, the 70% return to producers and the rest are protected forests.
The 80% of the natural forests
are located in the amazon Region, the 13% in the Costa and the
7% in the mountain range.
The one which means that more
than the 42% it of the national territory is place setting of
The process of colonies
occupies and destroys every year approximately 200 thousand
hectares of forest.
The rhythm of deforestation is
of the 2~ Ľ anual (50 thousand hectares of forest and 900
thousand cubic wooden meter), with which for the year 2020 no
longer there will be natural forests in the country.
The 40% of the area of the
country is found affected for the erosion, the agricultural
frontier grow to a 3% annual. In 1962 the Ecuador provided there
of 15'542.000 has. of native forests and in 1985 only 12'405.000
More than 3 million of native
forests was intervened for extend the agricultural frontier, for
get wood for the industry and the domestic consumption and for
cultivations of acuacultura, the annual appraisal of
deforestation in this period was 140.739 has. per year.
In the period 90/ 95 around
550.000 has. of tropical forests and of moors was utilized, with
an annual appraisal of 110.000 has the half of them for wooden
consumption (Fundación Natura).
The exploitation of the humid
tropical forests of the nort-west of the country, located in the
county of Esmeraldas, provides now near 1.7 millions of cubic
wooden meters, when their potentiality of production is not great
to 900 thousand cubic annual meters, for the one which is valued
exist a over exploitation of aproximadly 800 thousand cubic
meters per year, provoking the passionlessof these forests.
Reforestación.- In the year 1984
was created, by means of the Law 182 reformed, the named Fondo de
Forestación y Reforestación FONAFOR, that gives economic
resources for the performance of forests plantations.
Adicionally has been gotten
funds and international aid, like the case of the BID, AID, GTZ,
HOLLAND FASE, that has contributed to the realization of forests
plantations and agroforestals. But the area reforested is totally
insufficient compared with the deforested area.