The bananera production of the country, it is carried out in 20 counties of the continental
territory. The Coast contributes with
the 89% of the national production, mountain range with the 10%
and the East with the 1%. anational total of 4' was produced
226.200 metric tons in 1998.
In the Coast, the greater productor of the county is Los Ríos with the 35% of the total production and Guayas with the 32%.
In the mountain range., in the warm regions of the counties of Cañar the 3,8%. Bolívar with the 1.8%, Pichincha (Sto. Domingo de los Colorados) with 1.4% and Loja with hardly the 0.8% of the national production; the others counties have a minimal production.
In the country exist near 5000 producers of banana tree, according to the size of the plantation, the 80% they return properties of 30 hectares and just there is the 3% to senior of 100 .
Therefore the concentration
[monopólica] gives up fundamentally in the phase of
commercialization. During the first months of 1998 the bananera
production had a strong descent as a result of the phenomenon of
The cultivated surface is of 131.000 . From these the 71% are better. The average of humility is of 32 TM. , the tallest productivity meets in the county of Los Ríos with 39.2 TM., and the more drop in Manabí with 20.
One of the grave problems that introduce the production of the banana tree are the inadequate use of the earth and the systems of cultivation.
From the old countries producers of banana tree from Latin America, the Ecuador shows a productive minor humility, 37 TM.. Compared with the 51 from Colombia and the 41 from Costa Rica.
The quantity of employment with that this sector contributes is of 200.000 people in direct form in the plantations and approximately 400.000 more in activities related with the production and export of banana tree in the country.
The places of destination of the Ecuadorian banana tree are: Europe, 55%; United States, 30%; Asia, 13% and another 2%.
The principal countries exporters of banana tree to worldwide level are: Ecuador, Costa Rica and Colombia, they together represent the 63% of the [exportaciones] totals of the fruit.
PERSPECTIVES.- According to forecasts carried out by the FAO. the worldwide demand of banana will grow 3 in a%, the worldwide offer will be up close of 13 million tons, the one which will produce an on offer because the demand is of an a little over of 12 [millones].
Reason for the who is not seen that the international costs could improve.