The Aborigines were the first human inhabitants of the continent of Australia. No one knows for sure how they arrived there, but many scholars believe that they walked over to the new land from Asia about 60,000 years ago.
The Aborigines were nomadic hunter-gatherers, like most of the earth's inhabitants during that time. The Aborigines lived in small groups of about three dozen people and were constantly on the move from one place to another. These small groups would stay in one particular area until they had used up that area's food supply, and then they would move to a new area that had food to support them. Because the Aborigines lived in the Australian deserts, no one location provided enough food for them, and they were constantly on th move.
Hunting was the task of the adult males in the Aborigine packs. Each day the adult males would leave the rest of the group to go out to hunt for meat. The Aborigines used wooden spears and boomerangs to hunt their prey. Boomerangs, L-shaped weapons that return to the hunter if you throw it correctly, were useful tools. The wooden spears had a very sharp hard end that would pierce an animal's flesh and bring it down in its tracks. Sometimes arrow heads made of flint or bone were attached to the ends of the spears. These arrow heads were made by taking a piece of bone or flint and chipping it with a very had rock. The main target of the male hunters were small animals. They were quite common, easy to catch and kill, and they provided quite a good amount of meat for the group. Sometimes the hunters got extremely lucky and were able to kill a large animal. This was a reason for celebration because a single large animal provided that Aborgine group with enough meat to supply everyone in the community for quite a while. But killing large animals was a rare opportunity for the hunters. Another common target for the men were birds. Birds provided the hunters with some meat, but since there were a lot of birds in the areas where they hunted, a lot of meat could be obtained from the birds. The Aborigine men also fished. All different types of fish were extremely plentiful in Australian rivers and in the ocean off of the Australian coast.
Other Aborigines of the tribe would put themselves to use by gathering roots, small plants, and grubs for more food. The famous "Wichety Grub" (supposedly having somewhat of a nutty flavor) was popular among these tribes, either cooked or raw.
For always having had a nomadic existence, the Aborigines had never really been that unified until modern times, when their ethnicity has been demanding civil rights and autonomy from the Australian government. They are demanding the land that their ancestors tread upon for the first time 60 000 years ago.
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