Atoms and Molecules will discuss the relationships at the very heart of chemistry: why and how atoms join together to make molecules, and how these molecules behave. Along the way, we'll also talk about the interaction between matter and energy, in the form of electromagnetic radiation. After completing this chapter, one of the most difficult and important in The Net Equation, you'll have a new understanding of how the universe operates at its most basic levels.
In this chapter, we'll delve into:
Historical Concepts of Atoms
Spectrum Lines and Ionization Energies
Quantum Theory, the Uncertainty Principle, and Pauli's Exclusion Principle
Electron Orbitals, Quantum Numbers, and Orbital Filling
Ionic and Covalent Bonding
Electronegativity, Oxidation Numbers, and Formal Charge
Trends in the Periodic Table
Ionic Solids: Lattice Energy
Lewis Electron Dot Symbols
Covalent Bond Orders and Energies
Molecular Shapes and Orbital Hybridization
Sigma and Pi Bonds
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