The sun would be a very bold adventure to choose if you live on Earth;
because if it takes a lot of bravery to look at the sun, then imagine all of
the courage you would have to muster up to travel to it. It's understandable
to be afraid of the very thing that allows life to prosper on Earth. As a
friend and a foe, the sun sustains and endangers life. People throw on
sunscreen, to keep themselves from overcooking outside of their homes. Yet,
the sun provides photosynthesis for earth plants, which enables the
conversion of energy into food through its chemical process. This huge
heavenly body is 99.86% of the solar system's mass, but it is still
considered a star of intermediate size. The star keeps nine major planets
and all of their satellites into orbit, which really is not bad for an
intermediate sized burning ball of gas.
The sun has three major layers. The three major layers are the sun core,
the radiation zone, and the convection zone. The energy source of the sun is
its core. Its source comes from thermonuclear reactions that stand at
approximately fifteen to twenty million degrees Fahrenheit. Radiation and
sunlight come from its innermost core. The core produces its energy by
converting hydrogen into helium. This strong energy radiates through the
middle layer called the radiation zone and then bubbles and boils through a
process known as convection, in the convection zone of the sun's surface.
Solar wind is composed of charged particles that shoot out from the sun
at least a million miles per hour. These charged particles marry the
nitrogen and oxygen of Earth's atmosphere creating beautiful babies. They
named it aurora borealis. We know this beautiful display of misty and
colorful lights in the sky as the
Solar Flares, also known as Space Weather, has the energy equal to a
billion megatons of dynamite released each minute. This is probably the most
perfect setting to film Looney Tunes. These flares are composed of gamma and
x-rays that are energized protons and neutrons. As the activity of space
weather increases, so do the number of sunspots. Sunspots are the cool dark
areas created from the retardation of radiation through the sun's magnetic
fields. They have an activity peak every eleven years.
This activity peak is called a solar maximum. This occurs every eleven
years, so there will be a solar maximum in the years 2000, 2011, 2022,
2033…etc. This activity peak is even noticeable in the "northern lights".
During a solar maximum, the sun bombards the Earth's atmosphere with extra
doses of solar radiation. This affects satellites, by throwing them off
their courses. As the years progress with the advancements in technology,
the solar maximum is expected to increase in problem making for satellites
and other technological breakthroughs.
We don't recommend landing on the sun, but if you were to walk on the
sun, you would feel thirty eight times heavier because of its gravitational
pull. Please, be safe. Make sure you are wearing a super special strong
safe Sun suit!