A large and important capital is located to the west of the Yucatán peninsula,
Uxmal is specially known for it's superb Mayan architecture.
Uxmal is dominated by multipalace quadrangles that were the residence
of the city's ruling elite. The most famous of all these is the called
nunnery-quadrangle that has been extensively restored. It consists of
four buildings with sculptured facades arranged around a 250-by-200-foot
court that was entered through the southern palace via a central corbelled
high temple known as the Adivino or House of the Magician dominates the
eastern side of Uxmal. One of the most beautiful and best preserved of
all the Maya pyramids, the adivino is a most likely the last large construction
in all Uxmal. But it was built in many stages as it's been found to incorporate
many structures within its mass.
The governor's palace, a very impressive example of Mayan architecture,
sits on a large five-acre platform, contains 24 rooms, and measures 330
by 40 by 26 feet. The high-corbelled arches that remain in the Governor's
Palace are among the finest known at any Maya site. On the platform extending
from the eastern facade, a unique double-headed jaguar throne sits in
its original place.
Another very important building in Uxmal is the one know as the "House
of the doves". It was constructed between the 700 and 800 of our time.
Sadly it has been very damaged by time, but it is known that its walls
at one point were covered with beautiful jade and stucco ornaments.
Not much is known about this beautiful city, but it is thought that it
was an important economic and political force and that its most grandiose
years were around the 800 and 1000.