Ek Chuah is the sixth most commonly depicted deity in the codices, and
is portrayed 40 times. He has a thick, pendulous lower lip and is generally
painted in black, in the Tro-Cortesian codex, or partially black, in
the Dresden codex. In the former, his mouth is always surrounded by
a dull red circle which makes his thick lips stand out. The hieroglyph
of his name is an eye with a black ring. He
was beneficial god for traveling merchants. As a beneficent god, he
appears carrying a bundle of goods on his back, like a traveling merchant,
and in some places he is shown with the head of Xamán
Ek, god of the North Star, who, as we will see, is said to have
been "The Merchants' Guide".
Finally, Ek Chuah was the patron of cacao, and the owners of plantations
of this crop conducted a ceremony in his honor in the month of Muán.
This god was a friend to the Maya. It should be borne in mind that Mayan
commerce extended from Xicalango, on the Laguna de Terminos on the Gulf
of Mexico, to the mountains of Chiapas, and along the Caribbean coast
as far as Honduras. It continued after the collapse of the Maya until
the arrival of the Spaniards.
The principal Mayan god of merchants was Ek Chuah (ek means "star" and
chuah means "black" in Yucatec Maya), who was also the god of cacao.
The connection lies in the fact that cacao seeds were used as currency
Fray Diego de Landa reports that travelers and merchants carried incense.
Every night they arranged three stones with several grains of incense
on top, with incense on another three flat stones arranged in front
of the first three, praying to Ek Chuah to bring them home safe and
Ek Chuah|Ah Katun|Xaman