Meiosis starts with diploid cells, or cells that have two sets of chromosomes
from their parents. Haploid cells only have one set of chromosome from their
parents. In meiosis the diploid cell eventually forms four germ cells (also
called 1n) that have half the chromosomes. In meiosis two sets of nuclear
division occur. In Meiosis I the diploid cell is changed into two diploid cells.
Then, in Meiosis II the two diploid cells are split into four haploid cells.
meiosis involves two divisions and only only replication of DNA, it leaves half
the amount of chromosomes. Thus it is also called reduction-division.
The purpose of meiosis is to increase the genetic variation. After meiosis
there are four haploids, each with different sets of chromosomes. However, in
mitosis the end result are two identical diploids. Meiosis is used in sexual
reproduction, since to reproduce, an egg and a sperm have to come together for
reproduction to occur. This further increases the genetic variation which allows
for evolution and the adaptation of organisms to different environments.
Choose from the options below to learn about the steps involved in meiosis.
Meiosis 1: Prophase 1
Meiosis 2: Metaphase 1
Meiosis 3: Anaphase 1
Meiosis 4: Telophase 1
Meiosis 5: Prophase 2
Meiosis 6: Metaphase 2
Meiosis 7: Anaphase 2
Meiosis 8: Telophase 2