|960-1279||Song Dynasty¡XChina¡¦s 2nd Green Revolution|
Rice became widespread in China and was the chief grain from then on.
The Mongols living near China depended on dairy products and sheep while Chinese were not as interested in milk.
There was abundant poultry of chicken and duck but beef was not as popular because of the influence of Indian religion.
The vegetable eaten were: cabbages, onions, garlic, spinach, turnips, radishes, cucumbers, gourds, eggplants, cresses, carrots etc.
|Common fruits: apples, mulberries, jujubes, litchis, tangerines, mandarin oranges, apricot, peach, plum, coconut, banana, chestnut, walnut, fox nut etc.|
was produced from sea water and then the crystals were scraped off when
the water was evaporated. It would be purified then boiled down. Ashes
from the boiling fires would be spread on fields before flooding to
capture natural salts concentrated in the plants.
By the end of the dynasty though, tea had changed from an exotic luxury to a necessity in every household.
Since the foreigners in China loved sweetened food, sugar was always used to preserve food, therefore sweetmeats and candies.
Bean curd (Tou Fu) was invented probably by the bean milk preserved with ordinary sea salt.
cuisines at that time:
Fukien, Chekiang (East)¡Xlarge frogs were eaten.
|Hainan (East)¡Xinsects such as flies, gnats and earthworm were cooked in pieces of bamboo.|
|Canton (South)¡Xsnake soup was famous.|
|Manchuria (North)¡Xdairy products were flavoured with sour butter.|
|Szechuan (West)¡Xmountain products and herbs were usually used and spiced.|
Liao people conquered part of North China
Jin people conquered Liao
|1126||Jin conquered Song and North China while part of Song gained peace in the South|
Dynasty¡XMongols controlled China
Since the Mongols were rulers of a world empire, they introduced a lot of new foods to China. Food was more Central Asian flavour, especially resembling Mongolian, Manchurian and Muslim food.
Due to the nomadic life of Mongols, dairy foods like cream, butter and kumys were popular.
|1538||Peanut was known to China|
|1555||Maize was known to China|