the modern world today, most of us are able to get our basic needs
of food, shelter and clothing without even having to wonder how
they came about. In short, thanks to advanced technology and rising
standards of living, people have taken these basic needs for granted.
Consider for instance, when we return home from school, a bowl of
steaming hot noodles would be sitting on the table waiting for us
to enjoy. When we are sick of living in a tiny apartment and have
saved more than enough to buy a bigger one with better designs,
we move out of the small one. And when the clothes we have on are
torn, we just discard them and get new ones with better finishes
from departmental stores. Thus, we can see that these basic needs
are so easily met in today's world. However, has one ever wondered
how the people in the ancient times lived, given their limited technology?
How did they get their food? How did they build their houses? What
kind of clothes did they wear?
the Maya, a typical family of about five to seven members woke up
most probably before dawn everyday to a breakfast of hot chocolate.
The poorer families had a thick, hot corn drink called atole instead.
They lived in a one-room hut which was made of interwoven poles
covered with dried mud. The people grew crops like corn, squash
and beans for food. The clothes they wore were made of the fibres
of plants and fleece of sheep.
ancient Egypt, India, China and Mesopotamia, the people too survived
on agriculture. They planted crops like maize, wheat and barley
along the fertile banks of rivers, such as the River Nile for the
Egyptians and the River Tigris and Euphrates for the Sumers of Mesopotamia.
The Egyptian farmers also grew vegetables, such as lettuce, beans,
peas, and onions, and fruits, such as figs, dates, and pomegranates.
Domestic animals -- cattle, sheep, and goats -- were also raised
to provide food and hides. The rivers in these countries also provided
the people with fish for food.
people of Egypt, India and Mesopotamia lived in houses that were
built of bricks made out of clay, while those in China lived in
houses that were built of mud bricks or wood. The clothes that the
early Egyptians, Greeks and Romans wore were long pieces of cloth
made from wool and fibres that were simply draped about the body,
with a tie fastening the cloth at the waist. The ancient Chinese
instead, wore flowing garments with long, loose sleeves made of
though agriculture still exists, most of us need not work on farms
and thus, some of us have even forgotten that the food we eat, such
as corn and the various kinds of vegetable originally come from
seed that have been planted in the ground by farmers. The most common
answer that we hear from the children of today in response to the
question, "where do vegetables come from?" is "from the supermarket"!
no longer see mud houses nowadays except in rural parts of the world
such as in certain areas of Africa, but instead, huge houses made
of cemented bricks with unique and intricate designs. The clothes
we wear too come in so many different designs and fashions. Thus,
aren't we lucky to be living in the modern world of today instead
of the ancient past?
sexes of ancient Greece wore simple, draped garments like those
of the bronze charioteer.
of ancient Rome, wearing togas and pallae, parade across a processional
frieze that was finished in 9 BC.
figures on the throne of Tutankhamen show styles of Egyptian royal
dress as worn in about 1350 BC.
and sowing took place in ancient Egypt as in a painting from a tomb
wooden sculptures from China, created in about the 3rd or 4th century
BC, are among the earliest known human figures in Chinese art. They
represent attendants buried with the dead. Note also, the long-flowing
garments they wore.