according to the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, refers
to the condition or state of being fertile, that is being able to
produce many young, fruits or seeds. In the past, fertility was
very important to the people. For instance, the people of the Indus
Valley in India were believed to have worshipped the Mother Goddess,
who was a symbol of fertility. Why was this so?
fertility was important in terms of the fertility of the soil. This
was due to the fact that the people of the past depended mainly
on agriculture for food. The fertile soil of the banks of the Indus
river in India, the River Hwang Ho in China and the Nile River in
Egypt was the key to the development of civilizations here, as the
fertile soil made it possible for crops to grow well. To a farmer
of the past, fertile soil was essential to ensure that his crops
grew well, so that there would be sufficient food for his family.
the fertility of animals was important to the people, as animals
were also a part of their diet. It was important that animals such
as lambs, calves, foals, piglets and other animals were able to
reproduce, so as to answer that there would be sufficient animals
around to satisfy the stomachs of the people. Animals also played
a part in religious rites, such as in the case of sacrifices to
the Gods. Thus, it was important that there were sufficient animals
around which were to be served as offerings to the Gods.
the importance of fertility was placed on women, their being able
to produce children, especially sons, to carry on the family line.
For instance in ancient China, where sons were preferred over daughters,
women were expected of them to be able to bear sons for their husbands.
Sons were considered to bring honour to the family since they were
the ones who could be educated, inherited the family's wealth and
carried on the family's surname. Women who could not produce sons
were scorned at and may even be thrown out of the family. The importance
of fertility of women is also reflected in the lives of the Maya,
where women had wide hips, indicating their ability to reproduce.
for more information.
with advanced technology, we are able to grow crops on infertile
land with the use of fertilizers and irrigation. A large amount
of crops can also be grown in a small amount of land, thanks to
the use of high yielding seeds such as the "miracle rice". As a
result, fertility of the soil is no longer so important.
are still part of our diet today and their productivity concern
us highly. However, with research in the field of cloning going
on and scientists recent success at being able to clone a lamb,
called Dolly, hints that we may, very soon, no longer need to depend
on how fast animals can reproduce, since we can just clone these
animals that supply part of our diet! Imagine what would happen
then! The thought of eating cloned ducks and chickens is indeed
too frightening to be thought of. What do you readers think of it
fertility of women is also no longer much of a concern nowadays,
since with advanced technology, it is now possible to reproduce
by means of artificial reproduction, such as by artificial insemination.
More information on artificial reproduction can be found here.
it seems that advanced technology today is the key to solving the
problems of infertility, which people of the past have little knowledge
of, except to pray to their Gods for fertile soil or for the women,
a son! What are your views on the importance of fertility then?
to the people of the Indus Valley in ancient India, the Mother Goddess
was a symbol of fertility