formation of the continents
all young suns have dust- and gasclouds which rotate around them.With the
rotation and the final collapse of this dust- and gasclouds results a solar
system with its own planets. That's also the way our solar system was created. A
couple of million years later the planets were created, but for example the
original earth didn't look like it looks today. Many geological processes
influenced the formation of the world and its continents. This process isn't
over and will never stop!
continents were formed after the cooling of the earth has ended. They were
formed out of volcanic rock which was created out of the melted cover of our
earth. About 300 million years before now, the original continent which is
called PANGAEA was the only mainland and there was one only ocean which is
"Super-continent" PANGAEA broke because of several very big
Now, there were two continents named Laurasia and Gondwanaland. Africa,
Antarctica and India were part of the southern continent (Gondwanaland). With
time, the Indian part moved away from Africa to east, while Antarctica moved to
650 kilometers or about 100 million years later the Indian part reached Asia.
Big mountains like the himalaya arose because of the continual moving of these
splitting of the original continent PANGAEA made it possible that hot „magma“
(volcanic liquid) came out of the earth’s depht. Out of this „magma“ -
poured out of the earth below sealevel- were formed many islands.
the way our earth, like we know it today, was formed. Underneath we listed all
continents and oceans with a small description for you.*
is the biggest continent of our planet and its area is 44.7 million
square-kilometers. Besides this, about 58% of all men live in the Asian
is the second biggest continent of the world with an area of 30.3 million
square-kilometers. Africa was discovered 500 years before christ.
is the third biggest continent of the world with an area of 23.4 million
square-kilometers. Besides this, North-America is a „double-continent“,
because it is connected to South-America by a „landbridge“ (Middle-America).
is the fourth biggest continent of the world with an area of about 18 million
square-kilometers. Like North-America, South-America is a „double-continent“.
Antarctic is the fifth biggest continent of the earth with an area of 14 million
square-kilometers. The Antarctic consists of restricted land- and seaareas.
is a very „subdivided“ continent which means that it consists of numerous
islands and peninsulas. Europe has an area of 10 million square-kilometers and
is the second smallest continent.
is the smallest continent of our planet with an area of 8.9 million
Pacific Ocean is the biggest and deepest ocean all around the world. It has an
area of 181.34 million square-kilometers and is as deep as 11 034 meters. The
Pacific Ocean is situated between America, Asia, Australia and the polar areas.
Atlantic Ocean is the second biggest ocean in the world and is situated between
Western Europe/Africa and the eastcoast of America. The Atlantic Ocean has an
area of 107 million square-kilometers and at its deepest place it is 9219 meters
The Indian Ocean is the smallest of the three oceans. It is situated between Africa, Asia, Australia and the Antarctic. It has an area of 74 million square-kilometers and at its deepest place („Sunda-Ditch“) it is 7455 meters deep.