Rebellion of An Lushan (756-763)
An Lushan, a Turk, was the governor-general of a province. He was
trusted by the Emperor and was also Lady Yang Keui-fei's favorite
general. In fact, some rumors claimed that An Lushan was an adopted
son of Lady Yang. Either way, An Lushan held a strong dislike towards
Lady Yang's brother, and he also loathed the Emperor whom he thought
was indolent. Both the Emperor and Keui-fei were appalled when An
Lushan staged a rebellion that lasted for seven long years and two
months. His rebellion caused the whole royal court to flee to Szechuan
and brought about the death of many, including the death/murder/suicide
of Lady Yang.
During their occupation of the capital Ch'ang-an, An Lushan made
himself Emperor and renamed the dynasty Yen. Later on, after becoming
blind with age, he was murdered by his own son in 757 AD, who was
then murdered by his father's secondary man, General Shi Siming. In
761AD, Shi Siming was murdered by his son, Shi Zhaoyi, who was left
in power until the rebellion was suppressed in 763 AD and Tang loyalists
began to restore order.
This rebellion contributed to the beginning of the crumble of the
Tang dynasty. Even though the government was restored, it had already
become shaky and the rise of eunuchs began to threaten the Emperors
Rebellion of Huang Chao (874-884)
The Rebellion of Huang Chao was the largest rebellion in Tang history.
Up to six hundred thousand men were lead by Huang Chao and Wang Xianzhi.
This ten-year war wearied the Tang dynasty and eventually became the
initiator of its downfall twenty-three years later.
In 907AD, the throne was taken by General Chao K'uang-yin, who had
been trusted by the last Tang Emperor, Tang Ai Tsung, and viewed as
a great soldier and scholar. The crown prince gave up his throne to
the General and with that began the commencement of the Song dynasty.