StageTheater is the most popular way to perform a play. It also takes the most work. There are usually sets and costumes. Depending how professional the play is, the actors will wear make-up.
The most difficult part of stage performance is blocking. Blocking is the movement on stage. If the actors don't move some of the audience's attention is lost. Some actors are very good at moving around on stage but others must be told to move at certain times. Most of the time in order for the scene to move smoothly the whole scene must be blocked. Sets can be very elaborate or very simple. A set could be a chair and a drawing on the blackboard or it could be the inside of an entire palace.
For Cleopatra's Conquest, you may want to use an Oriental rug to roll her into for the scene before Caesar. Columns may be available from a local photography studio. Sometimes a few props can help symbolize the feel of the scene. Remember that originally Shakespeare's actors performed with the bare minimum of staging!
Costumes may also vary. Some productions may only use simple costumes such as a sheet tied at the shoulder, while others may have real armor and helmets.Make-up is not always needed, although it does help the audience to see the actors' expressions. If the theater is dark and bright lights are used to help view the actors, most often the actors' faces are brightened so much that their features can't be seen. The make-up helps their faces to stay defined.