Ancient Civilizations: Egypt
Egypt, or the Nile Valley, has been inhabited by early humans
since about 700,000 years ago. So Ancient Egypt is much more
ancient than most of us believe it to be. Stone tools dating back
to that period can be found near Abu Simbel close to where the
temple to Ramses II was later built.
Over the millennia these stone age people slowly evolved, so
that by 500,000 years ago they were using stone axes, and by
150,000 BC they were living in structures like houses, with a dome
made of hides or grass held down with a circle of stones over a
flat sandstone foundation. These dwellings could be taken down and
moved easily, and were probably used by nomadic people.
By 100,000 years ago these people had evolved and had developed
much more efficient stone tools, especially spear tips, which made
it possible for them to hunt better. Early humans spread into
almost every habitable part of North Africa. By 30,000 BC the
climate was getting drier and people were forced to live closer to
the river and so there was a blend of different cultures. They
settled along the Nile and gave up their nomadic lifestyle.
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