EGYPT: Arab Republic of Egypt
Egypt has closened its ties with Europe, especially France and
Italy. While it has opened towards Saudi Arabia, its relations with
Libya under president Ghedaffi have deteriorated.
Egypt occupies a very important geographic position, between
Africa, Asia and Europe. Life in the country depends entirely on
theRiver Nile and the thin strip of fertile land that borders it as
far as the delta. The rest of the country, or 95% of the territory,
is desert. The population density along the banks of the Nile
reaches 1,200 inhabitants per sq km. The climate is very hot and
dry in the south, is less extreme in the north where the main
cities are. Cairo is the capital, and Alexandria the main
Agricultural land is very fertile, and apart from subsistence
farming, the main crop is cotton, which is of a very high quality.
Other crops are linen, citrus fruits, legumes, sesame, rice maize
and sugar cane. 50% of the labour force is employed in agriculture.
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