EGYPT: Arab Republic of Egypt
Egypt is a nation like no other, an ancient land that joins two
continents. It has a great importance not only in the Arab world,
but in the continent of Africa and in the world.
Egypt was the cradle of a magnificent culture which flowered
three thousand years before Christ. It came under the influence of
Greece and Rome, before being converted to Islam in 639 AD. After a
few centuries as first a French and then a British colony, it
gained its independence in 1951-1952.
In 1952 a military coup d’etat by General Neguib
overthrew the monarchy, but the “Free Officers
Movement” soon became so radical that in 1954 Colonel
Abd’el Nasser took over the reins of power. The personality
and work of this man profoundly changed the evolution of the
country. Known as the “Rais” he attacked what was left
of capitalism in his country. He became, together with Tito of
Yugoslavia and Nehru of India, one of the leaders of the
non-alligned countries. He also tried to form the United Arab
Republic with Syria, but the experiment only lasted three years.
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