Battle of Britain was one of the first major battles fought
by only aircraft and one of the most amazing shows of air
warfare. Because Britain won this battle, they we able to
stayed in the war, and that was one of the major reasons
why Hitler had lost WW2.
The objective of the German attack was to
gain air supremacy over the English Channel, so that German
forces could safely cross the channel to conquer Britain.
In the Battle, there were generally 5 phases.
the first phase, commonly known as the "contact" phase,
the Luftwaffe bombed British convoys and ships on the Channel,
in an attempt to lure the Royal Air Force towards the French
coast. But the British adopted a policy of conservation,
and refused to be tempted.
In the second phase, from August 8 - 23, the
Germans turned to bombing the coastal towns and ports, to
try to gain control of the Channel. Next, they moved further
inland, hitting the airfields and early warning systems.
They also targeted their aircraft factories. They came very
close to crippling the RAF's infrastructure, but the determination
of the British pulled them through.
in the "Blitz", the Luftwaffe's General Goering decided
to target London and other major cities. Mainly it was held
in the day, but as the Germans drew further inland, the
less cover they got from the Luftwaffe fighters, which had
a shorter range. As the Blitz got properly underway, the
bombing was held at night. Nuisance day raids as well as
bombing of airfields during poor weather were also held.
Unfortunately for the Germans as they concentrated
more and more on the cities and less on the air production
facilities of the British, the British RFA was able to make
new fighters such as the Hurricanes and Spitfires. These
new fighters fueled by the British determination help the
RAF win the battle despite the numerical disadvantage of
only about 650 fighters compared to the 2,600 Luftwaffe
aircraft. Even so the RFA shot down more than 1,700 German