LIBRARY: THEORY: BASICS:
There are several kinds of repeat signs
used to direct the performer to skip back or forward through a piece of
music. These signs are used to avoid writing out long repeated passages.
|D.C. (da capo) repeat from
|D.S. (dal segno) repeat from the
|fine the end|
|D.C. al fine (da capo al fine)
repeat from the beginning to the end|
|D.S. al fine (dal segno al fine)
repeat from the sign ()
to the end coda a section at the end of a work|
|D.C. al coda repeat from the
beginning to the coda sign ()
then skip to the coda|
|D.S. al coda repeat from the sign
() to the
coda sign ()
and then skip to the coda|
|Sometimes the double bar with two dots is
used in pars to indicate a repeat. the measures within the repeat signs
are played twice. The repeat signs always have two dots on the inside,
facing measures to be repeated. If the repeat is to the beginning of the
work, a sign at the beginning is not required.
Sometimes, when music repeats, first and second endings are used in order to
save space. The first ending, which has a repeat sign, is played only the
first time through. The second time, the first ending is skipped over and
the second is played.
Another common repeat sign (),
is a sign indicating to repeat a phrase of 1 - 2 measures. In patterns
that are repeated over and over, this method is a "time-saver".
A one-measure repeat is represented by the sign placed inside one measure.