ANCESTORS: people from whom you are descended; your relatives.
AXLE: a pin, pole, or bar on or with which a wheel revolves.
BUFFALO CHIPS: dried buffalo manure which pioneers used to light a fire.
CARAVAN: a group traveling together on a long journey through dangerous regions.
CONESTOGA: a covered wagon used to carry freight across the prairies.
DANGEROUS: exposing to or involving great risk.
DISEASE: an abnormal condition, illness or sickness.
FERRY: a boat that carries people or things across a river.
FERTILE: producing plenty of crops.
FORDING: crossing the river at a safe place.
FORT: a strong place or a permanent army post.
FRONTIER: a place that has never
GERMS: a microscopic living thing, especially one that causes disease.
GREAT SALT LAKE: a large salty lake in the Northwest section of Utah.
HOMESTEADING: to settle on public land to use as a home.
JOURNEY: a trip from one place to another.
KEELBOAT: a shallow covered riverboat which is usually rowed, poled or towed.
LEAN-TO: a shelter used by the pioneers to live in when they first arrived at their land; similar to a wooden shed with an open side that faced the fire.
LIVESTOCK: animals kept or raised on a farm.
MOUNTAIN MAN: a person who lived in the mountains and was usually a trapper or a hunter.
OXEN: a kind of cattle used for pulling heavy loads, milk, and meat.
PELT: an unfinished skin with its hair, wool or fur.
PIONEERS: someone who went to an area before it was settled.
POSSESSIONS: the items or belongings a person owns.
PRAIRIE SCHOONER: another word for covered wagon, so called because they looked like ships sailing across a sea of grass.
PREDATOR: an animal that lives by killing and eating other animals.
PROSPECT: to explore, especially for mineral deposits.
ROCKY MOUNTAINS: a range of mountains, reaching from Canada to Mexico.
SAGEBRUSH: a low shrubby plant with bitter juice and a strong smell.
SCOW: a large flat boat.
SHALLOW: not deep.
STOCKADE: a line of stout posts set firmly to form a defense.
TRADE: a kind of job such as doctor or the business of buying, selling, or bartering goods.
TRENCH: a dug-out ditch.
VITAMINS: a substance found in natural food needed in small amounts for health.
WATERPROOF: not letting water
WESTWARD EXPANSION: the settlement of the North American continent from the Atlantic coast to the Pacific.
|Who were the Pioneers?|
|Why did they travel to the frontier?|
|Where did the pioneers travel to?|
|What are some of the trails they used?|
|What did they take with them?|
|How did they travel?|
|What were their wagons like?|
|What was a Wagon Train?|
|Who led the Wagon Train?|
|What were their lives like on the trail?|
|What did they do after reaching their new homes?|
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