Ungava Penensila is covered by tundra withlow bushes, mosses, and lichens. In the trasition zonetundra and open confederous woodland covers the subartic in the north. Black and white fomarack can be found here. Larger forests in the south have spruce, balsam, fir, hemlock, and jack pine. Near the Saint Lawerence River are sections of aspens and birch which are important to the pulp and paper industries in Quebec. Hardwood trees such as maple, beech, oak, elm, poplar, aspen and birch are found along the southern part of the Laurentian Highlands. Forests cover 65% of the land. Other plants are aster, buttercup, goldenrod, trillium, and violets.
A variety of wildlife can be found in Quebec. Among these are seal, polar bear, and artic fox. Animals living in the woodlands include wolf, black bear, caribou, deer and moose. Game birds include goose, duck, and partridge. Fish that are found include trout, pickerel, pike and bass.