Forests cover 90% of New Brunswick. These forest have both deciduous and coniferous trees. The highlands have sugar maple, yellow birch, hemlock, spruce and pine. The Maritime Plain has red spruce, balsam fir, hemlock, pine, maple, and birch.
A variety of wildlife is found in New Brunswick. White-tailed deer, moose and black bear live in the forests. Furbearing animals include beaver, muskrat, mink, red fox, squirrel, chipmunk, and rabbit. Birds include blue heron gull, tern, comorant, and puffin. Freshwater fish include trout, pike, bass, and Atlantic salmon.