# Mathematics

 Greece has made a deep impact on today's mathematics. We use many of the same formulas and concepts that the Greeks used almost 2,500 years ago. One of the greatest mathematicians was Pythagoras. He was most famous for his theorem explaining the relationship between the sides of a right-triangle. (a2 = b2 + c2) Pythagoras's home town was Samos, which he was exiled from. He then settled in Croton. He had many disciples, which helped him with his various discoveries. Pythagoras also studied the relationship between music and mathematics. He believed that the universe was made of whole numbers. Other famous mathematicians were... Archimmedes, discovered how to calculate the volume of a sphere. (V= 4/3 3.14 r 3 ) Diophantus, was the first to use symbols in equations in order to solve problems. (a + 2b = 20) Euclid, studied geometry and wrote a famous book called Elements. The book contained proofs about various geometric shapes. Hippocrates, was a mathematician and the most celebrated physician of the ancient world. Socrates, was one of the many famous philosophers and teachers in ancient Greece. Zeno, was interested in the idea of infinity.

Mathematic Symbols

### We have created a few math games for you to play incorporating some Greek theories, formulas, and concepts.

Squares, Squares, and More Squares

Hippocrates was interested in shapes and how they connect together. See if you can count how many squares (of any size) there are in the figures below. Look for hidden squares.

How many squares can you find in this one?

Help Socrates Make Sense of this Table

Socrates believed in order. Can you help him make sense of this addition table?

Fill in the missing numbers by finding the sum of two numbers. The numbers you fill into the top row of boxes should add to the numbers in the left column and equal the numbers as you go across and down to the coordinate box.

 For example, 5 (top row) equals 7 (coordinate box) when added with ____ (the number you fill into the left column)? The number 2 goes into the left column under the plus sign. Some of the answers have been done for you, but the rest is up to you to help Socrates bring order back to his life.