| Life of the People
The husband in Greek homes was the head of the household, but the wife
ran the household and supervised the slaves. Most Greek parents arranged
the weddings for their children. Girls got married in their mid-teens
and men got married in their 30ís.
Food Clothing and Shelter
Ancient Greeks mainly ate olives, cereal, grains, fruits, and vegetables.
They also used goats for milk, and sheep for wool and meat. They
ate fish which came from the surrounding oceans. The Greeks
ate wheat, and barley. Men and women of Greece wore belted garments
of wool or linen called a chiton. The menís garments hung to the
knees where as womenís went down to their ankles. Their main footwear
was sandals. The Greekís houses were small. The poor
people of Greece had only one or two room houses, whereas the wealthy people
had bigger houses with separate rooms for eating, sleeping, and cooking.
Many children wanted to go to school but couldnít go. Only those
children of citizens could participate in school. The majority of
the people who attended school were boys. Not many girls received
education. In Athens, subjects were taught at different schools.
There was one for general studies, one for music, and one for physical
education. In general studies, reading, writing, and arithmetic were
taught. In music, students learned how to play avols or a lyre.
In physical education they ran, jumped, and wrestled . Education
in Sparta was much different. They wanted to have strong war like
boys and many boys the age of seven were sent to military camps or schools.
Higher education consisted of law, philosophy , and medicine.
Greeks thought that sickness was punishment from the gods. When they
were sick, they asked the gods to cure them. They specifically went
to the god of medicine One patientís name was Phalysios, who
was given a tablet to read and all of a sudden his sight came back(he
was blind). The scientific kind of medicine was used by a doctor
called Hippocrates. He actually followed methods that now day doctors
follow. Greeks also used surgical instruments called forceps, knives, and
probes. With these instruments, doctors worked on different parts
of the body.