| The Church
The main church in Europe during the Middle Ages was the Roman Catholic Church. The head of the church was called a Pope. The church was the seat of learning during the Middle Ages. Monks and Nuns followed Christ's teachings in groups in the convents or Monasteries where they lived and worked. They had three main jobs which were work, study, and prayer. Monks kept the ancient learnings of the past alive. The monks also ran schools and hospitals.
The monasteries began in Italy and then spread to all parts of western Europe. Everywhere the monks went, they converted the people to Christianity. Christianity was the religion of all western Europe by the year 1100. Priests were in charge of the local churches, and Bishops were assigned certain areas. The church taught that anyone who lived a good life would be rewarded by God. People thought that if they did wrong, God would punish them. During the Middle Ages the church and its teachings helped bring peace to Europe. People looked to the church for education, medicine, and help in hard times.
In 1095, Pope Urban II told the knights that they should go fight for the
Holy Land, the land where Jesus lived. They called these wars crusades,
which means “wars for the cross.” He thought Christians should have
the land where Jesus lived, not the Muslims.