Monks taught school for boys where they learned to read and write Latin. Latin was very important because both the Bible and the Church services used that language.
Bishops also taught schools called cathedral schools. Some of the cathedral schools, like the ones in Paris, became great learning centers, and universities. Many of the smartest men of the Middle Ages, such as Peter Abelard (1079-1142), and Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225?-74), were educated at Paris and also taught there.
Students began learning with the seven liberal arts. The liberal arts consisted of Latin grammar, rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music. A person who showed that they knew the arts well enough became a Master of Arts, M.A. Students could choose to study either law, medicine, philosophy, or theology. Those who taught this type of education were known as doctors. Today some universities still offer the same degrees as the ones in the Middle Ages, yet like today, all people do not choose to get a degree.
Not only did the church encourage learning, they also encouraged artists and builders to build some of the finest structures in the world and paint beautiful masterpieces . Many of the cathedrals still stand, representing Medieval Times. During the Middle Ages, girls were not taught to read and write, unlike boys. There were a few organized schools for women in convents, but most all girls and women who learned to read received home schooling.