The Statue of Liberty
is located on Liberty Island in New York Harbor. For many
immigrants, "Lady Liberty" was their first glimpse of the
United States, the end of a long journey to freedom and
of Liberty is
the tallest statue in the world. It was given to the people
of the United States by the French to help celebrate the
American centennial. The two countries agreed that America
would build the pedestal for the statue and the French would
design and build the statue itself.
The statue was designed by the French sculptor, Frederic
Bartholdi, with help from Gustave Eiffel, the builder of the
Eiffel Tower. Bartholdi began working on the statue in 1875
and completed it in 1884. Then he had to take it apart and
pack it in 214 crates to send it to the United States. He
reassembled it on the island and it was set on the base. It
was opened to the public on October 28, 1886.
Lazarus won a
competition for a poem to be placed on the pedestal of the
statue, expressing her feelings towards the Statue of
Liberty. It contains the famous lines:
"Give me your tired,
Your huddled masses
yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of
your teeming shore.
Send these, the
homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside
the golden door!"